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I teach a 3rd grade student with a total vision impairment who is main streamed into a regular PE setting.  His basic skills are lacking due to him being pulled out of PE(and other classes) for him to attend his special ed classes (braille and mobility training) for the past few years (at at least 2 different schools).  I am trying to include him in every activity we do.  So far, things are going well.  I have gotten him some adapted equipment and he is excited to try anything!  

Does anyone have any suggestions for how to include him in basic team sports with offense and defense?  For example, Flickerball (passing a beeper ball from teammate to teammate before passing to the goalie to score points).  I am not quite sure how to adapt the game so that defenders don’t have an advantage.  Should defenders freeze, in place, while he has the ball?  Other suggestions?

Any help would be appreciated!


Karen Fisher

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  1. Brian P. Ross

    Hello Karen, as a West Chester University Teacher Candidate studying Health and Physical Education, I feel as if I could lend you a hand. I am also working towards an Adapted Physical Education minor and Volunteer on the Camp Abilities Pennsylvania administrative staff. Camp Abilities is a sports camp for athletes for visual impairments, so I feel that many of the things that we do may be helpful to you. One suggestion I would have would to make the team activities into blind sports with callers (people who tell others what to do). Blind sports are real activities that level the playing field for all those involved. By having your students do the activities with blindfolds, audible equipment (your beeper ball), and callers, the student would be participating under the same circumstances as the rest of the class. Some Blind sports that could be used as inspiration for activities and adaptations or modifications are Beep Baseball, blind futsal, and Goalball. By introducing blind sports into your classroom, it will promote an inclusive environment and will introduce the other students into the life of their fellow classmate. Another suggestion I have is to encourage your student to use the senses he has to his advantage. Possibly try sticking him into situations that are going to promote his success. As to you Flickerball question, freezing could work but I feel like it is keeping others from being active. Maybe allow the student with visual impairment to make a handoff or receive a hand off, rather than throw or catch the ball with defenders. Team sports are always a challenge with students with visual impairments and many excel at individual sports. There is plenty of information on blind sports at and I am happy to hear that you are willing to do anything you can for this student. Every student will excel at something, as teachers, we are just the means by which they discover their talents.

  2. Lyn B Kalinowski

    Karen, Please contact me! I have some hand outs that might help you. One beginning suggestion is to get a PEER BUDDY to be/go with him. A second is to involve the whole class in ideas that will help them help him. Students are very creative. My e-mail is – Lyn Kalibowski, MS, MA, Csu-Sacramento, retired.